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Columbines School of Botanical Studies

Second Year Field Trip 1,2
Willamette Valley Floor and Coast Range

April 5, 6, 2008


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Topics

Botany Review
Keyed out: Trillium chloropetalum, Nemophila menziesii, Scoliopus hallii
Plant Zones of the Pacific Northwest
Uses of Polypodium glycyrrhiza, Urtica sp.
Urtica locating and harvesting
Harvested Wild edibles
Adrenocortical steroids, cortisone, Glycorhiza
Adrenergics, uses of Ephedra
IgE Mediated Histamine Responses

Selected Plant List

These plants were not all flowering.

Locations

Valley Floor 400'
Top of Butte 1500'?
Low Elevation Coast Range 600'

Polypodiaceae

Polypodium glycyrrhiza Licorice Fern Edible, Medicinal
Polystichum munitum Sword Fern Ecologically important

Araceae

Lysichiton americanum Skunk Cabbage +/- Edible

Liliaceae

Allium sp. Onion Edible
Erythronium oregonum Fawn Lily No Pick, Edible
Lilium sp. Lily No Pick, Edible
Maianthemum dilatatum Wild Lily of the Valley
Scoliopus hallii Fetid Adder's Tongue
Smilacina stellata Small False Solomon's Seal Edible, Medicinal
Trillium chloropetalum Trillium No Pick - Medicinal
Trillium ovatum Trillium No pick - Medicinal

Iridaceae

Sysrinchium douglasii Blue-eyed Grass Rare Lane County

Orchidaceae

Calypso bulbosa Calypso Orchid No pick
Listera cordata Twayblade

Pinaceae

Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine

Urticaceae

Urtica sp. Stinging Nettle Edible, Medicinal, Fiber

Aristolochiaceae

Asarum caudatum Wild Ginger Spice, Medicinal

Polygonaceae

Rumex obtusifolius Bitter Dock Edible, Medicinal

Portulacaceae

Montia sibirica Candy Flower Choice Edible

Caryophyllaceae

Arenaria sp. Sandwort
Stellaria media Chickweed Edible

Berberidaceae

Berberis aquifolium Tall Oregon Grape Edible, Medicinal
Berberis nervosa Mountain Oregon grape Edible, Medicinal
Vancouveria hexandra Inside-out Flower Edible

Fumariaceae

Dicentra formosa Bleeding Heart Poison, Medicinal

Cruciferae (Brassicaceae)

Cardamine oligosperma Bittercress Edible
Cardamine pulcherrima/C. nuttallii Spring Beauty Edible
Draba sp. Cress Edible
Yellow unidentified mustard Poison

Saxifragaceae

Heuchera micrantha Alum Root Medicinal
Lithophragma parviflora Ragged Starflower Edibility unknown
Tellima grandiflora Fringecup Edibility unknown

Grossulariaceae

Ribes sanguineum Red Flowering Currant Edible

Rosaceae

Fragaria sp. Wild Strawberry Choice edible, Medicinal Astringent
Geum macrophyllum Geum, Avens Astringent
Oemleria cerasiformis Osoberry Choice edible
Physocarpus capitatus Ninebark
Rosa sp. Wild Rose Edible, Medicinal
Rubus sp. Blackberry Choice edible, Medicinal Astringent
Rubus spectabilis Salmonberry Choice edible, Medicinal Astringent

Geraniaceae

Erodium cicutarium Storksbill Edible

Oxalidaceae

Oxalis oregana Oxalis Choice Edible

Aceraceae

Acer macrophyllum Big Leaf Maple Choice Edible

Violaceae

Viola glabella Woods Violet Choice edible
Viola nuttalli var. praemorsa Violet Choice edible
Viola sp. Violet Choice edible

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex aquifolium Holly

Umbelliferae (Apiaceae)

Heracleum lanatum Cow Parsnip Medicinal
Lomatium utriculatum Spring Gold, Biscuit Root Edible
Osmorhiza chilensis Sweet Cicely Edible

Ericaceae

Arbutus menziesii Madrone Edible, Astringent
Gaultheria shallon Salal Edible
Vaccinium parvifolium Huckleberry Edible, Medicinal

Primulaceae

Dodecatheon hendersonii Shooting Star Edible

Hydrophyllaceae

Hydrophyllum tenuipes Waterleaf Choice edible
Nemophila menziesii Baby Blue Eyes

Boraginaceae

Cynoglossum grande Hounds Tongue Medicinal (PA's)

Labiatae (Lamiaceae)

Lamium purpureum Red Dead Nettle Edible
Melissa officinalis Lemon Balm Medicinal

Scrophulariaceae

Digitalis purpurea Foxglove Poison, Medicinal
Mimulus alsinoides Baby Monkeyflower Edible

Rubiaceae

Gallium sp. Bedstraw, Cleavers Edible, Medicinal

Caprifoliaceae

Sambucus racemosa Red Elder Astringent, Diaphoretic

Compositae (Asteraceae)

Achillea millefolium Yarrow Medicinal
Bellis perennis Field Daisy Edible
Petasites frigidus Western Coltsfoot +/- Edible (PA's)

66 Plants Seen

For any complaints, corrections, concerns, or commendations contact Howie Brounstein.

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Second Year Field Trips
Trip 1/2-Trip 3-Trip 4-Trip 5-Trip 6-Trip 7-Trip 8-Trip 9/10-Trip 11/1213

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Homepage - Academic Calendar - Course Descriptions - Contact Us

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