from Manuscript Inks
by Jack C. Thompson
Aloe epaticum: Also, hepatic aloes. From East Indies originally. Reddish brown or liver color; powder is of a dull yellow color.
Alum: Typically, potassium aluminum sulphate (K2SO4.Al2[SO4]3.24H2O).
Alum plumosum: Plumose alum, or Plume alum. A kind of natural alum, composed of a sort of threads, or fibres, resembling feathers; whence its name; artificially produced by treating clay tobacco pipes with sulfuric acid to produce crystals; not asbestos.
Aurum musicum: Also, Aurum mosaicum, musitum,
Argentum musicum: Mosaic silver.
Ashes of Copper: Cuprous oxide (Cu2O)
Auripigmentum: Also, orpiment, opiment.
Blew heidleber: Bilberry, whortleberry, huckleberry.
Brasill: Brazil wood. A natural dye from the wood of Caesalpina braziliensis. (C16H12O5).
Brimstone: Sulfur (S).
Colofoniam: Colophony; a resinous substance from distillation of light oil from turpentine.
Conterfein: Metallic zinc (Zn).
Gauls: Oak galls.
Gaule of Eeles: Gall of eels, also, Bile yellow; bile from the gall bladder of eels; gall stones.
Indicum: Indigo; a plant dye prepared from the fermented leaves of the plant, Indigofera tinctoria.
Limbeck: Alembic; a glass or pottery vessel used to distill or reduce liquids over heat, consisting of a body/cucurbit/matrass, a head or capital, a pipe, and a receiver.
Luttum: Lute, typically of clay, to form a seal.
Oxe gaule: Ox gall; prepared liquid from a bovine gall bladder, used as a surfactant, and as a coloring agent.
Pixgraecum: Also, pica greca. Greek pitch.
Pomestone: Pumice stone.
Quick silver: Mercury (Hg).
Red lead: White lead or litharge heated for some hours to approx.
Salarmoniacke: Sal Ammoniac, (also Sal Armoniac,
Strong wine: Brandy.
Unsleact lime: Unslaked lime.
Verdigreece: Verdigris (verdegrise, vert de grise), basic copper
Victriall: Vitriol; typically ferrous sulphate, also known as
White lead: Basic lead carbonate (Pb(CO3)2 . Pb(OH)2).
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